U.S. scientist Manabe, German, Italian win Nobel physics prize
Written by tokyoclub on October 5, 2021
Japanese-born American scientist Syukuro Manabe, 90, has won this year’s Nobel Prize in physics for modeling the Earth’s climate and reliably predicting global warming, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said Tuesday.
Italian Giorgio Parisi, 73, was awarded half the prize, with Manabe, who works at Princeton University, sharing the other half with Klaus Hasselmann, 89, of Germany.
“This year’s laureates have all contributed to us gaining deeper insight into the properties and evolution of complex physical systems,” Thors Hans Hansson, chairman of the Nobel Committee for Physics, said in a statement.
Screenshot taken from a video on the official website of the Nobel Prize shows Syukuro Manabe (L), Klaus Hasselmann (C) and Giorgio Parisi. (Kyodo)
Manabe, a graduate of the University of Tokyo who moved to the United States in 1958, laid the groundwork for the development of current climate models, introducing how carbon dioxide in the atmosphere leads to increased temperatures, the statement said.
Hasselmann, affiliated with the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, then came up with a model that “links together weather and climate” and developed methods used to prove that human emissions of carbon dioxide have led to increased temperatures, it said.
Parisi from Sapienza University was awarded for discovering the “hidden patterns in disordered complex materials,” making it possible to describe and understand different materials and phenomena in a number of fields, including physics, mathematics and biology.
Due to the coronavirus pandemic, the award ceremony will be held online on Dec. 10. They will receive their medals in their country of residence.
File photo taken in October 2017 shows Syukuro Manabe giving an interview in Tokyo. Manabe won the 2021 Nobel Prize in physics for modeling the Earth’s climate and reliably predicting global warming. (Kyodo) ==Kyodo